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George Washington

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison

James Monroe

John Q Adams

Andrew Jackson

Martin Van Buren

William Harrison

John Tyler

James Polk

Zachary Taylor

Millard Fillmore

Franklin Pierce

James Buchanan

Abraham Lincoln

Andrew Johnson

Ulysses Grant

Rutherford Hayes

James Garfield

Chester Arthur

Grover Cleveland

Benjamin Harrison

Grover Cleveland

William McKinley

Teddy Roosevelt

William Taft

Woodrow Wilson

Warren Harding

Calvin Coolidge

Herbert Hoover

Franklin Roosevelt

Harry Truman

Dwight Eisenhower

John Kennedy

Lyndon Johnson

Richard Nixon

Gerald Ford

James Carter

Ronald Reagan

George Bush

William Clinton

George W Bush
NoBama
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<note the above links can be found off this site at: http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312172/presidents.html

 Presidential Fun Facts

GEORGE W. BUSH is our 43rd president, but there actually have only been 42 presidents: Cleveland was elected for two nonconsecutive terms and is counted twice, as our 22nd and 24th president.

EIGHT PRESIDENTS were born British subjects: Washington, J. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, J. Q. Adams, Jackson, and W. Harrison.

NINE PRESIDENTS never attended college: Washington, Jackson, Van Buren, Taylor, Fillmore, Lincoln, A. Johnson, Cleveland, and Truman. The college that has the most presidents as alumni (five in total) is Harvard: J. Adams, J. Q. Adams, T. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt, and Kennedy.

PRESIDENTS WHO would be considered "Washington outsiders" (i.e., the 18 presidents who never served in Congress) are: Washington, J. Adams, Jefferson, Taylor, Grant, Arthur, Cleveland, T. Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson, Coolidge, Hoover, F. Roosevelt, Eisenhower, Carter, Reagan, Clinton, and G. W. Bush.

THE MOST COMMON religious affiliation among presidents has been Episcopalian, followed by Presbyterian.

THE ANCESTRY of all 43 presidents is limited to the following seven heritages, or some combination thereof: Dutch, English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Swiss, or German.

THE OLDEST president inaugurated was Reagan (age 69); the youngest was Kennedy (age 43). Theodore Roosevelt, however, was the youngest man to become president——he was 42 when he succeeded McKinley, who had been assassinated.

THE TALLEST president was Lincoln at 6'4"; at 5'4", Madison was the shortest.

FOURTEEN PRESIDENTS served as vice presidents: J. Adams, Jefferson, Van Buren, Tyler, Fillmore, A. Johnson, Arthur, T. Roosevelt, Coolidge, Truman, Nixon, L. Johnson, Ford, and George Bush.

VICE PRESIDENTS were originally the presidential candidates receiving the second-largest number of electoral votes. The Twelfth Amendment, passed in 1804, changed the system so that the electoral college voted separately for president and vice president. The presidential candidate, however, gradually gained power over the nominating convention to choose his own running mate.

FOR TWO YEARS the nation was run by a president and a vice president who were not elected by the people. After Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned in 1973, President Nixon appointed Gerald Ford as vice president. Nixon resigned the following year, which left Ford as president, and Ford's appointed vice president, Nelson Rockefeller, as second in line.

THE TERM "First Lady" was first used in 1877 in reference to Lucy Ware Webb Hayes. Most First Ladies, including Jackie Kennedy, are said to have hated the label.

JAMES BUCHANAN was the only president never to marry. Five presidents remarried after the death of their first wives——two of whom, Tyler and Wilson, remarried while in the White House. Reagan was the only divorced president. Six presidents had no children. Tyler——father of fifteen——had the most.

PRESIDENTS LINCOLN, Garfield, McKinley, and Kennedy were assassinated in office.

ASSASSINATION ATTEMPTS were made on the lives of Jackson, T. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt, Truman, Ford, and Reagan.

EIGHT PRESIDENTS died in office: W. Harrison (after having served only one month), Taylor, Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, Harding, F. Roosevelt, and Kennedy.

PRESIDENTS ADAMS, Jefferson, and Monroe all died on the 4th of July; Coolidge was born on that day.

KENNEDY AND TAFT are the only presidents buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

LINCOLN, JEFFERSON, F. Roosevelt, Washington, Kennedy, and Eisenhower are portrayed on U.S. coins.

WASHINGTON, JEFFERSON, Lincoln, Jackson, Grant, McKinley, Cleveland, Madison, and Wilson are portrayed on U.S. paper currency.
 *The above information provided as courtesy of Borgna Brunner, who derived from "Facts About the Presidents" by Joseph Nathan Kane as posted on http://www.infoplease.com/spot/prestrivia1.html

1. George Washington: No formal education. The only president elected unanimously. He received all 69 electoral votes. At his inauguration, Washington had only one tooth. At various times he wore dentures made of human teeth, animal teeth, ivory or even lead. Never wood. In addition to the nation's capital and the state, 31 counties and 17 towns are named in his honor. He stood 6 feet and 2 inches tall, weighed 200 pounds and wore size 13 shoes. He is the only president who didn't live in Washington, D.C. during his presidency. During his presidency the Judiciary Act of 1789 established the federal court system, the Bank Act of 1791 established a nation wide banking system, the Bill of Rights became law on December 15, 1791.

2. John Adams: Graduated Harvard College (1755). Adams was the great-great-grandson of John and Priscilla Alden, pilgrims who landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620. In 1800 the U.S. capital moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. Adams and Jefferson were the only presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence, and they both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. Vice-President under Washington. Older that any other president at his death, he lived 90 years, 247 days.

3. Thomas Jefferson: Graduated College of William and Mary (1762) Secretary of State under Washington, Vice-President under Adams. Jefferson was the first president to shake hands with guests. Previously people bowed to Presidents. Jefferson's library of 6,000 books was purchased for $ 23.950 and formed the basis of the Library of Congress. Principal author of the Declaration of Independence. First president to take his oath in Washington, D.C. Jefferson and Adams were the only presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence, and they both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. He designed his own tombstone and wrote his own epitaph, omitting the fact that he was President of the United States.

4. James Madison: Graduated College of New Jersey (now Princeton University; 1771) Secretary of State under Jefferson. Citing continued attacks on its ships, the United States declared war on Britain in June 1812. British troops burned the White House 1814. First president tho had prior service as a congressman. First president to wear trousers rather than knee breeches. He stood 5 feet 4 inches, the shortest president.

5. James Monroe: Graduated College of William and Mary (1776) Secretary of State under Madison. Secretary of Was under Madison. Convention of 1818 fixed the boundary between the U.S. and British North America. In 1819 purchased Florida from Spain for the cancellation of $ 5 million in debts. On December 2, 1923 proclaimed the Monroe Doctrine, warning European powers not to interfere in U.S. affairs. First president to ride on a steamboat. First U.S. Senator to become president. First inaugural to be held outdoors. His daughter was the first to be married in the White House. The U.S. Marine ban played at his second inaugural and every inauguration since.

6. John Quincy Adams: Graduated Harvard College (1787) Secretary of State under Monroe. Adams swam nude (weather permitting) in the Potomac River every day. First elected president not to receive either the most electoral college votes or popular votes. Only son of a president to become a president. Only president elected to the House after his presidency. He named one of his sons George Washington.

7. Andrew Jackson: No formal education. Held no other political office. Placed 2,000 of his political supporters in government jobs and established a "kitchen cabinet" of informal advisors. In 1835 he made the final installment of national debt making Jackson the only president of a debt free United States. He was the only president to serve in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. He was the only president to have been a prisoner of war. He was the first president to have been born in a log cabin. First president to ride a railroad train. Wounded in a duel at the age of 39, Jackson carried the bullet, lodged near his heart, to his grave.

8. Martin Van Buren: Graduated Kinderhook Academy (1796) Secretary of State under Jackson. Vice President under Jackson. First president born in the United States of America. He and his wife spoke Dutch at home. He took his four years salary, $ 100,000, in a lump sum at the end of his term. After serving one term as president, he made three unsuccessful bids for reelection.

9. William Henry Harrison: Attended Hampden-Sydney College. Harrison gave the longest inaugural address - one hour 45 minutes. Only president who studied to become a doctor. His immediate job before becoming president was clerk of Hamilton County (Ohio) court. First president to die in office. Inaugurated on March 4, 1841, contracted pneumonia in late March, died in the White House on April 4. Served 30 days.

10. John Tyler: Graduated College of William and Mary (1807). Vice President under Harrison. First vice president to assume office after the death of a president. He was a Whig, but the Whig party disowned him after he vetoed banking bills supported by the Whigs. In January 1843, the Whigs introduced impeachment resolutions in the House, but the measures were defeated. Tyler served as president without being a member of any political party. He was a grand-uncle of Harry S Truman.

11. James Knox Polk: Graduated University of North Carolina (1818). Greatly expanded the western U.S. in 1848 through a treaty with Mexico ending a two year war and giving the U.S. control over most of present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming. Before the advent of anesthetics and antiseptic practices, Polk survived a gallstone operation at age 17.

12. Zachary Taylor: No formal education. Taylor served in the regular Army for 40 years and never voted, never belonged to a political party nor took any interest in politics until he ran for president at age 62. He was elected in the first national election held on the same day in all states (November 7, 1848). He pastured his old Army horse, Whitey, on the White House lawn and visitors would take horse hairs as souvenirs. Died in office of gastroenteritis on July 9, 1850.

13. Millard Fillmore: No formal education. Vice President under Taylor. Fillmore did not meet Taylor until after they were elected. When he moved into the White House, it didn't have a Bible. He and his wife, Abigail, installed the first library. He installed the first bathtub and kitchen stove in the White House. Fillmore couldn't not read Latin and refused an honorary degree from Oxford University, saying a person shouldn't accept a degree he couldn't read.

14. Franklin Pierce: Graduated Bowdoin College (1824). In 1853 the Gadsden Purchase settled boundary disputes with Mexico. In 1854 the Kansas Nebraska Act increased the conflict between pro and anti slavery settlers and required the introduction of federal troops into Kansas in an effort to end the fighting. Because of religious considerations Pierce affirmed rather than swore the Presidential Oath of Office. He gave his inaugural address from memory, without the aid of notes. He installed the first central heating system in the White House.

15. James Buchanan: Graduated Dickinson College (1809). Secretary of State under Polk. In 1857 Buchanan recommended a pro-slavery Kansas constitution. The constitution was rejected and Buchanan lost northern support. 1858 northern candidates opposing Buchanan won a majority in both houses of Congress. 1859 John Brown was seized at Harpers Ferry and hanged for his attempt to start a slave revolt. February 4, 1861 seven southern states formed the Confederacy. By the time Buchanan was 30 years old, he had amassed a fortune of $ 300,000. He was never married, so the duties of White House hostess were performed by his niece, Harriet Lane. One of his eyes was nearsighted and the other farsighted. As a result he always cocked his head to the left. Buchanan tired of being president and refused to run for reelection.

16. Abraham Lincoln: No formal education. On April 12, 1861 Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina setting off the Civil War. Lincoln quickly mobilized the Union by executive order. January 1, 1863 he formally issued the Emancipation Proclamation. On November 19, of that same year he delivered the Gettysburg Address. On April 9, 1865 Generals Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant signed term of Confederate surrender at Appomattox, Virginia. Five days later, on April 14, 1865 Lincoln went to Ford's Theater to watch "Our American Cousin" and was shot by actor John Wilkes Booth. He died the next morning at Petersen's Boarding House. Lincoln was the first president to die by assassination. At 6 feet 4 inches he was the tallest president. Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd, had a brother, half-brothers and brothers-in-law who fought in the Confederate Army. Lincoln was the only president to receive a patent, for a device for lifting boats over shoals. He was the first president to wear a beard. His son Robert Todd Lincoln, was in Washington, D.C. when Lincoln was killed, was also on the scene when President Garfield was shot in 1881, and President McKinley was assassinated in 1901. A poll of historians named Lincoln the nation's greatest president. Washington was second.

17. Andrew Johnson: No formal education. Vice President under Lincoln. On march 29, 1865 issued Amnesty Proclamation, pardoning all Confederates except those with property in excess of $ 20,000 and certain Confederate leaders. On December 6, 1865 the 13th amendment, officially abolishing slavery, was ratified. On march 30, 1867 the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $ 7.2 million. Johnson was married at a younger age than any other president. He was 18 on May 5, 1827 and Eliza McCardle was 16. He is the only president to serve in the Senate after his presidency. He was host to the first Queen to first the White house. Queen Emma of Hawaii. Johnson was the only president to be impeached by the House, but on March 26, 1868 was acquitted by the Senate by a one-vote margin. Has was buried beneath a willow tree he planted himself with a shoot taken from a tree at Napoleon's tomb.

18. Ulysses Simpson Grant: Graduated U.S. Military Academy West Point, New York. Witness to some of the bloodiest battles in history, Grant could not stomach the sight of animal blood. Rare steak nauseated him. While president, he was arrested for driving his horse too fast and was fined $ 20. Grant said he knew only two songs. "One was Yankee Doodle and the other wasn't." He smoked 20 cigars ad, which probably caused the throat cancer that resulted in his death.

19. Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Graduated Kenyon College (1842) and Harvard Law School (1845). On September 8, 1880 Hayes arrived in San Francisco to become the first president to visit the West Coast. He was the first president to graduate from law school. Mrs. Hayes, Lucy Ware Webb, was known as "Lemonade Lucy" because she refused to serve alcohol in the White House. The first telephone was installed in the White House by Alexander Graham Bell himself. The first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn was conducted by Hayes and his wife. He kept his campaign pledge and refused to run for a second term.

20. James Abram Garfield: Graduated Williams College (1856). Only 131 days after taking office, on July 12, 1881, while entering a Washington, D.C. railroad station, he was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed office-seeker in Garfield's new administration. Garfield was the first left-handed president. He was the last of seven presidents born in a log cabin. On election day, November 2, 1880, he was at the same time, a member of the House, Senator-elect and President-elect. After Garfield's shooting, repeated probing for the bullet with non-sterile instruments resulted in blood poisoning which eventually killed him on September 19, 1881.

21. Chester Alan Arthur: Graduated Union College (1848). Vice President under Garfield. Arthur's wife, Ellen Lewis Herndon, died before he became president, so Arthur's sister, Mary Arthur McElroy, served as White House hostess. Arthur enjoyed walking at night and seldom went to bed before 2 A.M. He had 24 wagon loads of old furniture and junk removed from the White House before moving in. A man-about-town, he entertained lavishly and often, and enjoyed going to nightclubs. Arthur told a temperance group that called on him at the White House, "I may be President of the United States, but my private life is my own damn business." Arthur destroyed all of his personal papers before his death.

22. Grover Cleveland: No formal education. Dedicated the Statue of Liberty on October 28, 1886. Cleveland is the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms. He lost the 1888 election for second term to Benjamin Harrison, despite garnering a larger popular vote. While sheriff of Erie County, New York, Cleveland was also the public executioner and personally hanged two murderers. Since Cleveland was the sole supporter of his family during the Civil War, he paid a substitute to take his place. He vetoed 414 bill in his first term, more that double the 204 vetoes cast by all previous presidents. The only president's child born in the White House, was Cleveland's daughter, Esther.

23. Benjamin Harrison: Graduated Miami University, Oxford, Ohio (1852). Harrison grew up in a family of 13 children. He was the second president whose wife died while he was in office. An excellent extemporaneous speaker, he once made 140 completely different speeches in 30 days. When the Harrisons moved into the White House, it was in such a dilapidated state that plans were made to build a new mansion elsewhere in Washington. His last daughter, Elizabeth, was younger than his four grandchildren. Harrison was defeated for reelection by Grover Cleveland. Because of his wife's illness, he did not campaign.

24. Grover Cleveland: No formal education. President March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1889. Cleveland is the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms. See notes under 22ndPresident. Ran for an unprecedented 3rd term but lost the Democratic presidential nomination to Williams Jennings Bryan.

25. William McKinley: Attended Allegheny College. On February 15 1898, the U.S. battleship Maine was blown up in Havana harbor. On April 25, the U.S. declared war on Spain. May 1, Admiral George Dewey led a major U.S. victory over Spain in the Battle of Manila Bay. February 6, 1899, the Treaty of Paris, ending the war was approved by the U.S. Senate. Spain ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam and agreed to the independence of Cuba. September 6, 1901 McKinley was shot twice in the chest at point blank range by Leon Czolgosz while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. He died on September 14 whispering his favorite hymn "Nearer my God to Thee." McKinley's wife, Ida, was an epileptic and suffered a seizure during the second inaugural ball. He was the first president to use the telephone while campaigning He is thought to hold the record for presidential handshaking - 2,500 per hour. McKinley exercised very little. Had he been in better shape, his doctors said he might have survived his assassin's bullets.

26. Theodore Roosevelt: Graduated Harvard College (1880) Vice President under McKinley. On November 18, 1903 the U. S. and Panama signed a treaty for a canal under U. S. sovereignty. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for arbitrating the end of the Russo-Jananese War. As a child, Roosevelt suffered asthma attacks and was too sickly to attend school. At 42, Roosevelt was the youngest president. The teddy bear is named for him. He lost the sight in one eye while boxing in the White House. He had a photographic memory. He could read a page in the time it took anyone else to read a sentence. He was the first president to travel outside the U.S. - Panama. Roosevelt craved attention. It was said that he wanted to be the bride at every wedding and the corpse at every funeral.

27. William Howard Taft: Graduated Yale College (1878); Cincinnati Law School (1880). Secretary of War under Roosevelt. February 3, 1913 the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution authorizing income taxes was ratified. It states simply: "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration." Taft is the only person to serve as both President and Chief Justice (1921-1930) of the U.S. He inaugurated the custom of the president throwing out the first ball to start the baseball season. Mrs. Taft was responsible for the planting of the Japanese cherry trees in Washington. Taft, who weighed 332 pounds, got stuck in the White House bathtub the first time he used it. A larger one was ordered. The Taft's owned the last presidential cow and the first White House automobile.

28. Woodrow Wilson: Graduated College of New Jersey (now Princeton University; 1879) Held no other political office. On May 7, 1915 more than 100 Americans were killed as a German submarine torpedoed the British liner "Lusitania". The U. S. purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark. April 6, 1917, the United States declared war on Germany. November 11, 1918 an armistice ending World War I is signed. January 16, 1919 the 18th Amendment "Prohibition" was ratified. August 18, 1920 the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote, was ratified. Wilson is the only president to earn a Ph.D. degree. In 1913 he held the first regular presidential press conference. Afterwards, he met the press twice a week. His second wife, Edith, was a great-granddaughter of Pocahontas, seven time removed. An avid golfer, Wilson used black golf balls when playing in the snow. He is the only president buried in Washington, D.C.

29. Warren Gamaliel Harding: Graduated Ohio Central College (1882). On July 2, 1921 the president signed a joint congressional resolution of peace with Germany, Austria and Hungary. The treaties were singed in August. After Harding's death, several of his high officials were linked to the "Teapot Dome" and other scandals. He was the first newspaper publisher to be elected president. Both of Harding's parents were doctors. He was the first president to own a radio. While president, Harding played golf, poker twice a week, followed baseball and boxing, and sneaked off to burlesque shows.

30. Calvin Coolidge: Graduated Amherst College (1895) Vice President under Harding. Sent U.S. Marines to Nicaragua in 1925 after the outbreak of civil war. Despite strong party support, Coolidge announced on August 2, 1927, "I do not choose to run for president in 1928." Charles Lindbergh completed the thirst transatlantic flight in 1927. While governor of Massachusetts, Coolidge was once punched in the eye by the mayor of Boston. He was the only president sworn into office by his father, a justice of the peace and notary public. Coolidge averaged nine hours of sleep a night and took afternoon naps of from two to four hours. His wife recounted that a young woman sitting next to Coolidge at a dinner party confided to him she had bet she could get at least three words of conversation from him. Without looking at her he quietly retorted, "You lose."

31. Herbert Clark Hoover: Graduated Stanford University (1895). Secretary of Commerce under Harding, Secretary of Commerce under Coolidge. The New York Stock Market crashed on October 29, 1929, marking the beginning of a severe economic depression that dominated the Hoover presidency. The School of Engineering and Applied Science of Columbia University in 1964, Herbert Hoover and Thomas Edison were named the two greatest engineers in U. S. History. He was the youngest member of Stanford University's first graduating class. During their first three years in the White House, the Hoovers dined alone only three times, each time on their wedding anniversary. Hoover was the first president to donate his salary to charity. One of the most honored presidents, Hoover received 84 honourary degrees, 78 medals and awards, and the keys to dozens of cities.

3 2. Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Graduated Harvard College (1903) Attended Columbia Law School. In 1933 Roosevelt launched the "New Deal" relief measures, revived the banking industry, and delivered the first of 30 "Fireside Chats". In December, the 21st Amendment, ending Prohibition, was ratified. In 1935 the Social Security Act was passed and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) was passed. In 1936 he was reelected in a landslide over Alfred M. Landon. In 1939 Germany overran Poland and war was declared in Europe. In 1949 reelected to an unprecedented third term. December 7, 1941 Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Congress declared war against Japan the next day. June 6, 1944, D-Day, Allied forces landed on the Normandy coast of France. Reelected to an unprecedented fourth term. Roosevelt was the vice presidential candidate on James M. Cox's ticket in 1920. He was the first defeated vice presidential candidate to be elected president. He was related by blood or marriage to 11 former presidents. In 1921, at the age of 39, Roosevelt contracted polio which left him without the use of his legs. A stamp collector, he received the first sheet of every new commemorative issue. In, 1939, he became the first president to apear on television. Died in office on April 12, 1945.

33. Harry S Truman: Attended University of Kansas City Law School, Vice President under Roosevelt. May 7, 1945 Germany surrendered ending World War II in Europe. June 19 he flew to Washington State and became the first president to use air travel within the country. June 26, 1945 the United Nations Charter was signed. August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The second atomic bomb was dropped August 9 on Nagasaki. August 14, announced the surrender of Japan. On January 17, 1946 Truman proposed a 182 cent per hour wage increase to settle the labor dispute between U.S. Steel and the United Steel Workers union. A walkout was not prevented but it, and most labor disputes in 1946 were settled on that basis. On July 15, he signed a bill authorizing loan of $3.75 billion to Great Britain. November 21, 1946 he ordered contempt proceedings against John L. Lewis when the mine leader, defying a government injunction, called members of the United Mine Workers union out on strike. On December 5 Lewis sent the miners back to work after a federal district court had fined him $10 thousand and the union $3.5 million. March 21, 1947 ordered loyalty investigation of all federal government employees. February 2, 1948 he sent a message to Congress asking for civil rights legislation to secure the rights of the country's minority groups. May 10, 1948 he ordered government operation of the railroads by the army to forestall a nationwide railroad strike. May 14, 1948 he recognized new state of Israel. November 2, 1948 won reelection over Thomas E. Dewey in what was regarded as a major political upset. September 3, 1949 he announced that there was evidence of a Russian atomic explosion.. January 31, 1950 He revealed that he had ordered the Atomic Energy Commission to develop the hydrogen bomb. June 26, 1950 Truman ordered U.S. air and sea forces to aid South Korean Troops in resisting the Communist forces of North Korea which had invaded South Korea the day before. June 30 he announced that he had ordered American ground forces in Japan to Korea and the navy to blockade the Korean coast. General Douglas MacArthur, the American commander in Japan, was put in charge of all U.N. troops in the area, which included forces from other nations. August 25 Truman ordered seizure of the railroads by the government on August 27 to forestall a nationwide strike. November 1 Truman escaped attempted assassination by two Puerto Rican nationalists. December 16 Truman proclaimed a state of national emergency following entry of Communist China into the Korean conflict on November 6, after U.N. forces had taken over most of North Korea. April 11, 1951 Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of all posts as commander of American and U.N. forces in the Far East for making statements critical of the government's military and foreign policies in that area. MacArthur replaced by Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway. March 29, 1952 he announced at Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner decision not to run for reelection. April 8, during the Korean action, Truman signed executive order direction Secretary of Commerce Charles Sawyer to seize steel mills to prevent strike of steel workers. On June 2, seizure was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in a six to three decision. June 14 he laid keel of the USS Nautilus, world's first atomic powered submarine, at Groton, Connecticut. January 20, 1953 Truman attended inauguration of President Eisenhower and then left by train for Independence, Missouri. The middle initial "S" in Truman's name is not an abbreviation and has no significance. At 60 years old, he was the oldest vice president to succeed to the presidency. In recognition of Truman's contribution to medical insurance, President Johnson presented the first two Medicare cards to Mr. and Mrs. Truman. Truman's mother, a Confederate sympathizer, refused to sleep in Lincoln's bed during a White House visit.

34. Dwight David Eisenhower: Graduated U.S. Military Academy, West Point New York. Held no other political office. In 1953 Eisenhower established the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. The Korean War ended and he nominated Earl Warren as chief justice of the Supreme Court. In 1956 Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal and the president refused to join Britain, France and Israel in an invasion of Egypt. Also, in 1956 he denounced the USSR for crushing a Hungarian uprising. In 1957, he sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to ensure the integration of Central High School. On May 1, 1956, the USSR downed a U.S. U-2 reconnaissance flight over Soviet territory which was flown by Francis Gary Powers, a civilian. This resulted in the collapse of a summit conference with Premier Nikita Khrushchev. Dwight David Eisenhower was born David Dwight Eisenhower. He was the last president born in the 19th century. He was the only president to serve in both World Wars. A skilled chef, he was famous for his vegetable soup, steaks, and cornmeal pancakes. He was the first president licensed to fly an airplane.

35. John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Graduated Harvard College (1940). In 1961 Kennedy established the Peace Corps. On April 17, 1961 a force of anti-Castro Cubans, trained by the Central Intelligence Agency, staged an unsuccessful attempt to establish a beachhead at the Bay of Pigs, Cuba. In August, East Germany in an attempt to curtail defections from East To West, constructed a wall separating East and West Berlin. On February 20, 1962 Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr. became the first American to orbit the earth. In October, 1962 after U.S. reconnaissance flights revealed that Soviet offensive missiles were being installed in Cuba, the United States established a naval "quarantine" around Cuba. This period is generally considered the closest the world has ever come to nuclear war. On October 28, after the U.S. agreed to withdraw the quarantine and never to invade Cuba, the Soviets withdrew their missiles. On August 28, 1963 more than 200,000 persons staged a march in Washington, D.C. and the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech. South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem was overthrown on November 1. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was killed by an assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, as his motorcade wound through Dallas, Texas. Kennedy, at 43 years old, was the youngest man elected president; and at 46 years old, he was the youngest to die. Kennedy was the only president to win a Pulitzer Prize, for his biography "Profiles in Courage". He was the first president to have served in the U.S. Navy. He was the only president to appoint his brother to a cabinet post.

36. Lyndon Baines Johnson: Graduated Southwest Texas State Teachers College (1930). Vice President under Kennedy. In 1965 he signed an $ 11.5 billion tax-reduction bill and a major civil-right bill which was proposed and initiated under the Kennedy administration. Proclaimed a "War on Poverty". On February 7, 1965 ordered the bombing of targets in North Vietnam and began escalating U.S. troop strength in Indochina. In April, he ordered U.S. troops into the Dominican Republic to end a rebellion. Also in 1965 Johnson signed legislation establishing Medicare and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. In 1967 he nominated Thurgood Marshall as an associate justice to the Supreme Court. In 1968 Johnson withdrew his candidacy for the presidential race and ordered a reduction in the bombing of North Vietnam.Johnson and his wife, Claudia "Lady Bird" Alta Taylor, were married with a $ 2.50 wedding ring bought at Sears Roebuck. He was the only president to take the oath of office from a female official, Judge Sarah T. Hughes. Johnson rejected his official portrait painting, saying it was the ugliest thing he ever saw. He was the first incumbent president to meet with a pope.

37. Richard Milhous Nixon: Graduated Whittier College (1934) and Duke University Law School (1937). Vice President under Eisenhower. July 20, 1969 Neil A. Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. April 30, 1970 he announced that U.S. troops were being sent into Cambodia to destroy enemy sanctuaries. Nixon visited China in February of 1972 becoming the first president to visit a country not recognized by the U. S. June 17, 1972, five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee headquarters located at the Watergate Hotel. The Vietnam cease-fire agreement was signed January 1973. October 10, 1973 Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned and pleaded guilty to one count of income tax evasion and Nixon appointed Gerald R. Ford to replace him. August 9, 1974, effective at noon, Nixon resigned as president, becoming the first president to ever voluntarily leave office. This was a direct result of the scandal created by attempting to cover up the "Watergate Affair".

38. Gerald Rudolph Ford: Graduated University of Michigan (1935) and Yale University Law School (1941). Vice President under Nixon. Appointed Nelson A. Rockefeller as vice president. Granted Richard M. Nixon an "absolute pardon" for all federal crimes he may have committed or taken part in while president. He was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. Both Ford and his wife, Elizabeth "Betty" Bloomer Warren, had been models before their marriage. Running for Congress in 1948, Ford campaigned on his wedding day. He was the first president to release to the public a full report of his medical checkup. Ford was the only president whose two assassination attempts against him were made by women. Ford was the first president not elected by the people to become president. He became vice president when Agnew resigned, and president when Nixon resigned. He was defeated by Jimmy Carter in his bid to win a full term.

39. James Earl Carter, Jr.: Graduated U.S. Naval Academy (1946). September 1977, signed treaties providing for the termination of U.S. operation of the Panama Canal in 1999 and for the permanent neutralization of the canal. In 1978 Carter signed the "Framework of Peace in the Middle East and the "Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel" following eleven days of negotiations at Camp David with Israeli Prime Minister Menahem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat. The treaty was signed March 26, 1979. In December 1978, China and the U.S. agreed to establish diplomatic relations. In 1979 Carter signed an bill creating the Department of Education. Reached Strategic Arms Limitation Agreement with President Leonid Brezhnev of the Soviet Union. Protesting the U.S. support of the Shah, radical Iranian student seized a group of American diplomats and embassy officials in Tehran in November. The "hostage crisis" remained with Carter for the remainder of his term. Carter was the first president born in a hospital. He was the first president graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy. He was the first president sworn in using his nickname, "Jimmy".

40. Ronald Wilson Reagan: Graduated Eureka College (1932). Moments after Regan was inaugurated on January 20, 1981, 52 Americans held hostage in Iran since November 1979 were released. September 22 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor is confirmed 91-8 as an associate justice of the Supreme Court. She was the first female to serve on the Supreme Court. While participating in a multinational peacekeeping force in Lebanon on October 23, 1983, 241 U.S. Servicemen were killed in a terrorist attack. Later on October 25, U.S. troops invaded the Caribbean island of Grenada in an effort to restore order and democracy. November 6, 1984 winning 49 states, Reagan was reelected in a landslide over Walter Mondale. January 28, 1986, seven astronauts lost their lives on the space shuttle Challenger. April 5, 1986 two American servicemen lose their lives in a terrorist bombing of the La Belle Discotheque in Berlin. April 14 and 15 in retaliation for the disco bombing, American warplanes attack "terrorist related targets" in Libya. November 25, the Iran-Contra Affair becomes public. Ronald Reagan was 77 years old when he left office, making him the oldest president. He was the first president to have been divorced. For those of you who would like to know more about this man, here is a link that will take you to a Ronald Reagan Home Page.
http://www.dnaco.net/~bkottman/reagan.html

41. George Herbert Walker Bush: Graduated Yale University (1948) March 24, 1989 the tanker Exxon Valdez leaks history's largest oil spill, 11.3 million gallons, in Alaska. December 20 Bush authorizes the use of U.S. troops to remove Panama's General Manuel Noriega. Noriega avoids capture and on December 24 seeks asylum in the Vatican embassy. Eventually surrenders to U.S. authorities on January 3, 1990. August 2, 1990 Iraq, under President Saddam Hussein, invades Kuwait. August 7, Operation Desert Shield begins. October 2, the U.S. Senate confirms 90-9, David H. Souter as Supreme Court Justice. October 3, East and West Germany merge to become one Germany. January 12, 1991 Congress authorizes President Bush to wage war against Iraq. January 16, Desert Storm begins. February 24, the ground assault against Iraq begins. February 28, a cease fire is granted to Iraq and the "Mother Of All Wars" is ended. April 1, the Warsaw Pact is dissolved an on April 9, Georgia SSR votes to secede from the USSR and the collapse of the Soviet Union begins. August 19, Soviet hardliners stage a coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev. The coup is crushed, but Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist Party on August 24. September 6, the USSR recognizes the independence of the three Baltic republics. October 15, after a bitter partisan debate, Clarence Thomas is confirmed by a 52-48 vote as Supreme Court Justice. December 8, Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine form The Commonwealth of Independent States. November 3, 1992 Bush is defeated in his bid for reelection. When Bush received his military commission in 1943, he became, at age 19, the youngest pilot in the Navy. Bush is related to Benedict Arnold, Marilyn Monroe, Winston Churchill, Presidents Franklin Pierce, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt and Gerald Ford.

42. William Jefferson Clinton: Graduated Georgetown University (1968), Yale University Law School (1973) August 10, 1993 Ruth Bader Ginsberg is confirmed 96-3 as Supreme Court Justice. September 30, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti is overthrown in a military coup. September 19, 20, 1994 U.S. forces invade Haiti. October 15, Aristide is returned to office. October 1994 congress fails to enact Clinton's controversial health care program which was a strong priority during the election campaign. November 8, 1994 Republicans gain control of both houses of congress for the first time since 1954. November 17, U.S. Congress votes for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA ). July 1, 1997 China regains sovereignty of Hong Kong. In 1978 when Clinton was elected governor of Arkansas, he was at the time, age 32 and the youngest governor in the U.S. In high school, Clinton played saxophone in a jazz trio. The three musicians wore dark glasses on stage and they called themselves "Three Blind Mice"

43. George W. Bush: "W" Daddy Bush, Jr.; Skulls: Membership by Legacy only; Should have had Larry the Cable Guy as VP, but Larry would have showed him up. Chenyne Shot someone as an accident and blanked out his house on GoogleEarth. Tough talk'n Prezedent. Oddity that we had eight years, said more about the lack of competition.

44. John McCain.

Presidential birthplaces    (Presidents born before the USA became a country:

    * George Washington,   * John Adams,     * Thomas Jefferson,     * James Madison,    * James Monroe,     * John Quincy Adams,
    * Andrew Jackson,     * William Henry Harrison

Presidents Born in Arizona    *  John McCain

Presidents born in Arkansas     * Bill Clinton

Presidents born in California     * Richard Nixon

Presidents born in the Carolinas       * Andrew Jackson (historians are not sure whether he was born in North or South Carolina)
    * James Polk (North Carolina),     * Andrew Johnson (North Carolina)

Presidents born in Connecticut     * George W. Bush

Presidents born in Georgia     * Jimmy Carter

Presidents born in Illinois     * Ronald Reagan

Presidents born in Iowa     * Herbert Hoover

Presidents born in Kentucky      * Abraham Lincoln

Presidents born in Massachusetts      * John Adams.     * John Quincy Adams.     * John Kennedy.     * George Bush

Presidents born in Missouri     * Harry Truman

Presidents born in Nebraska      * Gerald Ford

Presidents born in New Hampshire      * Franklin Pierce

Presidents born in New Jersey     * Grover Cleveland

Presidents born in New York     * Martin Van Buren     * Millard Fillmore     * Theodore Roosevelt     * Franklin Roosevelt

Presidents born in Ohio     * Ulysses Grant     * Rutherford Hayes     * James Garfield     * Benjamin Harrison     * William McKinley
    * William Taft     * Warren Harding

Presidents born in Pennsylvania     * James Buchanan

Presidents born in Texas     * Dwight Eisenhower       * Lyndon Johnson

Presidents born in Vermont     * Chester Arthur        * Calvin Coolidge

Presidents born in Virginia     * George Washington     * Thomas Jefferson     * James Madison     * James Monroe
    * William Henry Harrison     * John Tyler     * Zachary Taylor     * Woodrow Wilson

Presidential religions/Faith/Denominations
       Baptist presidents     * Warren Harding     * Harry Truman     * Jimmy Carter     * Bill Clinton (Southern Baptist)

Congregationalist presidents      * Calvin Coolidge

Deist presidents     * Thomas Jefferson

Presidents belonging to Disciples of Christ     * James Garfield     * Lyndon Johnson     * Ronald Reagan

Dutch Reformed presidents     * Martin Van Buren     * Theodore Roosevelt

Episcopalian presidents     * George Washington     * James Madison     * James Monroe     * William Henry Harrison     * John Tyler
    * Zachary Taylor     * Franklin Pierce     * Chester Arthur     * Franklin Roosevelt     * Gerald Ford     * George Bush

Methodist presidents     * James Polk (originally Presbyterian)     * Ulysses Grant     * William McKinley     * George W. Bush

Presbyterian presidents      * Andrew Jackson       * James Polk (later Methodist)      * James Buchanan
    * Rutherford Hayes (also attended Episcopal and Methodist services)      * Grover Cleveland     * Benjamin Harrison
    * Woodrow Wilson     * Dwight Eisenhower

Quaker presidents        * Herbert Hoover      * Richard Nixon

Roman Catholic presidents     * John Kennedy

Unitarian presidents      * John Adams      * John Quincy Adams     * Millard Fillmore       * William Taft

Presidents without church affiliation      * Abraham Lincoln      * Andrew Johnson

Presidential Military Experience
     Presidents who served in wars  

    * George Washington - Commander in Chief of Continental Army during the American Revolution.
    * James Monroe - served in American Revolution
    * Andrew Jackson - American Revolution, War of 1812, First Seminole War
    * William Henry Harrison - Indian wars in the NW territory, War of 1812
    * John Tyler - War of 1812
    * Zachary Taylor - War of 1812, Black Hawk, Second Seminole, and Mexican wars
    * Franklin Pierce - Mexican War
    * James Buchanan - War of 1812
    * Abraham Lincoln - Black Hawk War
    * Andrew Johnson - Civil War
    * Ulysses Grant - Mexican War, Civil War
    * Rutherford Hayes - Civil War
    * James Garfield - Civil War
    * Chester Arthur - Civil War
    * Benjamin Harrison - Civil War
    * William McKinley - Civil War
    * Theodore Roosevelt - Spanish-American War
    * Harry Truman - WWI
    * Dwight Eisenhower - WWII General
    * John Kennedy - WWII
    * Lyndon Johnson - WWII
    * Richard Nixon - WWII
    * Gerald Ford - WWII
    * George Bush - WWII

Presidents who were in the military but who saw no action
    * James Madison
    * James Polk
    * Millard Fillmore
    * Jimmy Carter
    * Ronald Reagan - kept out of combat due to bad eyesight
    * George W. Bush

Presidents with no military experience
    * John Adams
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * John Quincy Adams
    * Martin Van Buren
    * Grover Cleveland
    * William Taft
    * Woodrow Wilson
    * Warren Harding
    * Calvin Coolidge
    * Herbert Hoover
    * Franklin Roosevelt
    * Bill Clinton

Presidents during wartime
    * George Washington: war with Native Americans in Ohio
    * Thomas Jefferson: Tripolitan War, 1800-1805, against the Barbary pirates
    * James Madison - War of 1812, 1812-1814, against the British
    * James Monroe - First Seminole War, 1817-1818
    * Andrew Jackson - Black Hawk War, 1832
    * Martin Van Buren - Aroostook War, 1839; Second Seminole War - ended 1842
    * William Henry Harrison - Second Seminole War - ended 1842
    * John Tyler - Second Seminole War - ended 1842
    * James Polk - Mexican War
    * James Buchanan - beginning of the Civil War
    * Abraham Lincoln - Civil War, 1861-1865
    * William McKinley - Spanish-American War, 1898; Boxer Rebellion, 1899-1900
    * Woodrow Wilson - WWI, 1914-1918
    * Warren Harding - formally concluded WWI
    * Franklin Roosevelt - WWII, 1941-1945
    * Harry Truman - conclusion of WWII, Korean War - 1950-1953
    * Dwight Eisenhower - conclusion of Korean War
    * John Kennedy - Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961; beginning of Vietnam War
    * Lyndon Johnson - Vietnam War, Dominican Republic, 1965
    * Richard Nixon - Vietnam War
    * Ronald Reagan - Grenada Invasion, 1983
    * George Bush - Invasion of Panama, 1989-1990; Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991
    * George W. Bush - War against the Taliban, Iraq, 2001 to present.

Presidents who did not preside over war during their terms
    * John Adams
    * John Quincy Adams
    * Zachary Taylor
    * Millard Fillmore
    * Franklin Pierce
    * Andrew Johnson
    * Ulysses Grant
    * James Garfield
    * Chester Arthur
    * Grover Cleveland
    * Theodore Roosevelt
    * William Taft
    * Calvin Coolidge
    * Herbert Hoover
    * Jimmy Carter

Pre-Presidential Careers
Actor       * Ronald Reagan
Assistant Secretary of the Navy      * Theodore Roosevelt       * Franklin Roosevelt
Bank Clerk      * Harry Truman
Barker      * Richard Nixon
Bookkeeper     * Harry Truman
Busboy     * Gerald Ford  (not his only job of course)
Businessman     * Harry Truman    * George Bush      * George W. Bush
Farmer    * Jimmy Carter
Canal Boat Laborer       * James Garfield
Career Military       * George Washington       * Andrew Jackson       * William Henry Harrison     * Zachary Taylor      * Ulysses S. Grant
    * Dwight Eisenhower
Carpenter      * James Garfield
Cattle Rancher      * Theodore Roosevelt
C.I.A. Director      * George Bush
Circus Roustabout      * Ronald Reagan
City Solicitor       * Rutherford Hayes - Cincinnati, Ohio
Clothmaker      * Millard Fillmore
Coach       * Gerald Ford - football, boxing       * Ronald Reagan - swimming
Collector of the Port of New York      * Chester Arthur
Congressman, U.S. House of Representatives
    * James Madison -  Virginia
    * Andrew Jackson -  Tennessee
    * William Henry Harrison - Northwest Territory, Ohio
    * John Tyler - Virginia
    * James Polk - Tennessee
    * Millard Fillmore - New York
    * Franklin Pierce - New Hampshire
    * James Buchanan - Pennsylvania
    * Abraham Lincoln - Illinois
    * Andrew Johnson - Tennessee
    * Rutherford Hayes - Ohio
    * James Garfield - Ohio
    * William McKinley - Ohio
    * John F. Kennedy - Massachusetts
    * Lyndon Johnson - Texas
    * Richard Nixon - California
    * Gerald Ford - Michigan
    * George Bush - Texas

Construction Worker     * Ronald Reagan
Continental Congress Delegate
    * George Washington
    * John Adams
    * James Madison
    * James Monroe
Cook      * Gerald Ford
Delivery Boy      * Martin Van Buren
Deputy Sheriff       * Theodore Roosevelt
Diplomat      * John Adams
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * James Monroe
    * John Quincy Adams
    * William Henry Harrison
    * James Buchanan
    * George Bush
Dishwasher      * Lyndon Johnson       * Gerald Ford       * Ronald Reagan (on this list a lot as he could not obviously keep a job)
Editor
    * Grover Cleveland
    * Woodrow Wilson
    * Warren Harding 
Elevator Operator     * Lyndon Johnson
Farmer, Farm Boy
    * Millard Fillmore
    * Abraham Lincoln
    * Ulysses S. Grant
    * Benjamin Harrison
    * Warren Harding
    * Calvin Coolidge
    * Herbert Hoover
    * Harry Truman
    * Lyndon Johnson
    * Jimmy Carter
Ferryboat Operator     * Abraham Lincoln
Fruit Picker     * Lyndon Johnson
Geologist      * Herbert Hoover
Governor
    * Thomas Jefferson - Virginia
    * James Monroe - Virginia
    * Martin Van Buren - New York
    * William Henry Harrison - Indiana Territory
    * John Tyler - Virginia
    * James Polk - Tennessee
    * Andrew Johnson - Tennessee
    * Rutherford Hayes - Ohio
    * Grover Cleveland - New York
    * William McKinley - Ohio
    * Theodore Roosevelt - New York
    * William Taft - Philippines
    * Woodrow Wilson - New Jersey
    * Calvin Coolidge - Massachusetts
    * Franklin Roosevelt - New York
    * Jimmy Carter - Georgia
    * Ronald Reagan - California
    * Bill Clinton - Arkansas
    * George W. Bush - Texas

Horse Handler       * Ulysses S. Grant
House Minority Leader       * Gerald Ford
Insurance Salesman       * Warren Harding
Janitor      * James Garfield       * Lyndon Johnson
Judge       * Andrew Jackson       * Harry Truman
Launderer      * Herbert Hoover
Lawyer
    * John Adams
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * John Quincy Adams
    * Andrew Jackson
    * Martin Van Buren
    * John Tyler
    * James Polk
    * Millard Fillmore
    * Franklin Pierce
    * James Buchanan
    * Rutherford Hayes
    * Chester Arthur
    * Grover Cleveland
    * Benjamin Harrison
    * William McKinley
    * William Taft
    * Woodrow Wilson
    * Calvin Coolidge
    * Franklin Roosevelt
    * Richard Nixon
    * Gerald Ford
    * Bill Clinton
Lieutenant Governor      * Warren Harding - Ohio     * Calvin Coolidge - Massachusetts
Lifeguard      * Ronald Reagan
Mailroom Clerk      * Harry Truman
Male Model       * Gerald Ford
Mayor
    * Andrew Johnson - Greenville, Tennessee
    * Grover Cleveland - Buffalo, New York
    * Calvin Coolidge - Northampton, Massachusetts
Member of House of Burgesses
    * George Washington
    * Thomas Jefferson
Mining Engineer      * Herbert Hoover
Newsboy       * Herbert Hoover
Newspaper Publisher       * Warren Harding
Office Boy       * Herbert Hoover
Big Oil Money Man       * George Bush     * George W. Bush
Park Ranger      * Gerald Ford
Postal Clerk     * William McKinley
Postmaster       * Abraham Lincoln
Printer's Devil      * Warren Harding     * Lyndon Johnson
Professor       * Woodrow Wilson      * Bill Clinton
Radio Announcer      * Ronald Reagan
Railroad Timekeeper       * Harry Truman
Reporter, Journalist        * Warren Harding       * John F. Kennedy
Road Construction Laborer      * Warren Harding       * Lyndon Johnson
School Principal      * Chester Arthur
School Teacher
    * Millard Fillmore
    * Franklin Pierce
    * James Garfield
    * Chester Arthur
    * Grover Cleveland
    * William McKinley
    * Warren Harding
    * Lyndon Johnson
Secretary of Commerce       * Herbert Hoover
Secretary of Northwest Territory         * William Henry Harrison
Secretary of State
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * James Madison
    * James Monroe
    * John Quincy Adams
    * Martin Van Buren
    * James Buchanan
Secretary of War
    * James Monroe
    * William Taft
Senator, U.S.
    * James Monroe - Virginia
    * John Quincy Adams - Massachusetts
    * Andrew Jackson - Tennessee
    * Martin Van Buren - New York
    * William Henry Harrison - Ohio
    * John Tyler - Virginia
    * Franklin Pierce - New Hampshire
    * James Buchanan - Pennsylvania
    * Andrew Johnson - Tennessee
    * Benjamin Harrison - Indiana
    * Warren Harding - Ohio
    * Harry Truman - Missouri
    * John F. Kennedy - Massachusetts
    * Lyndon Johnson - Texas
    * Richard Nixon - California
Sheriff       * Grover Cleveland
Shoeshine Boy       * Lyndon Johnson
Speaker of the House       * James Polk
State Attorney General       * Bill Clinton - Arkansas
State Comptroller       * Millard Fillmore - New York
State Legislator
    * John Adams - Massachusetts
    * Thomas Jefferson - Virginia
    * James Madison - Virginia
    * James Monroe - Virginia
    * John Tyler - Virginia
    * James Polk - Tennessee
    * Millard Fillmore - New York
    * Franklin Pierce - New Hampshire
    * James Buchanan - Pennsylvania
    * Abraham Lincoln - Illinois
    * Andrew Johnson - Tennessee
    * Theodore Roosevelt - New York
State Senator
    * John Quincy Adams - Massachusetts
    * Martin Van Buren - New York
    * William Henry Harrison - Ohio
    * Andrew Johnson - Tennessee
    * James Garfield - Ohio
    * Warren Harding - Ohio
    * Calvin Coolidge - Massachusetts
    * Franklin Roosevelt - New York
    * Jimmy Carter - Georgia
Store Clerk
    * James K. Polk
    * Abraham Lincoln
    * Grover Cleveland
Surveyor      * George Washington
Tailor     * Andrew Johnson
Tavern worker     * Martin Van Buren
Toymaker      * Calvin Coolidge
Trapper      * Lyndon Johnson
Trash Collector      * Lyndon Johnson
University President      * Woodrow Wilson     * Dwight Eisenhower
Vice President (See Electoral Lists, below)
Electoral Lists
Presidents who had been vice presidents
    * John Adams, under George Washington
    * Thomas Jefferson, under John Adams
    * Martin Van Buren, under Andrew Jackson
    * John Tyler, under William Henry Harrison
    * Millard Fillmore, under Zachary Taylor
    * Andrew Johnson, under Abraham Lincoln
    * Chester Arthur, under James Garfield
    * Theodore Roosevelt, under William McKinley
    * Calvin Coolidge, under Warren Harding
    * Harry Truman, under Franklin Roosevelt
    * Lyndon Johnson, under John Kennedy
    * Richard Nixon, under Dwight Eisenhower
    * Gerald Ford, under Richard Nixon
    * George Bush, under Ronald Reagan
Vice-presidents who were later elected president, without having served out the remainder of a predecessor's term
    * John Adams
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * Martin Van Buren
    * Richard Nixon
    * George Bush
Find more information about Vice-Presidents below.
Presidents who never ran for president
    * John Tyler
    * Millard Fillmore
    * Andrew Johnson
    * Chester Arthur
Presidents who were never elected president or vice president       * Gerald Ford
Presidents who ran for president, but were never elected        * Gerald Ford
Elected presidents whose parties did not nominate them for a second term        * Franklin Pierce
Presidents who ran unopposed       * George Washington, both terms.       * James Monroe, second term.
Vice presidents who became president through death or resignation of their president
    * John Tyler - death of William Henry Harrison
    * Millard Fillmore - death of Zachary Taylor
    * Andrew Johnson - assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    * Chester Arthur - assassination of James Garfield
    * Theodore Roosevelt - assassination of William McKinley
    * Calvin Coolidge - death of Warren Harding
    * Harry Truman - death of Franklin Roosevelt
    * Lyndon Johnson - assassination of John Kennedy
    * Gerald Ford - resignation of Richard Nixon
Find more information about Vice-Presidents below.
Presidents who lost the popular vote but won the electoral college vote
    * Rutherford Hayes - Samuel Tilden won the popular vote, and probably the electoral college vote, but the results were fixed to give Hayes the majority.
    * Benjamin Harrison - incumbent president Grover Cleveland won the popular vote
    * George W. Bush - Al Gore won the popular vote. The electoral college vote was thrown into doubt by peculiarities in Florida's election, and the election was decided by the Supreme Court when they stopped the recount.
Presidents who won neither the popular vote nor the electoral college vote, but still ended up as president
    * John Quincy Adams - Andrew Jackson had more votes in both categories.
Presidents who were chosen by the House of Representatives because no one had a majority
    * Thomas Jefferson (1st term)
    * John Quincy Adams
Presidents who defeated incumbents
    * Thomas Jefferson - defeated John Adams in 1800.
    * Andrew Jackson - defeated John Quincy Adams in 1828,
    * William Henry Harrison - defeated Martin Van Buren in 1840.
    * Benjamin Harrison - defeated Grover Cleveland in 1888.
    * Grover Cleveland - defeated Benjamin Harrison in 1892.
    * Woodrow Wilson - defeated Howard Taft in 1912.
    * Franklin Roosevelt - defeated Herbert Hoover in 1932.
    * Jimmy Carter - defeated Gerald Ford in 1976.
    * Ronald Reagan - defeated Jimmy Carter in 1980.
    * Bill Clinton - defeated George Bush in 1992.
Presidents elected to two terms
    * George Washington: 1789, 1792
    * Thomas Jefferson: 1800, 1804
    * James Madison: 1808, 1812
    * James Monroe: 1816, 1920
    * Andrew Jackson: 1828, 1832
    * Abraham Lincoln: 1860, 1864
    * Ulysses Grant: 1868, 1872
    * Grover Cleveland: 1884, 1892
    * William McKinley: 1896, 1900
    * Woodrow Wilson: 1912, 1916
    * Dwight Eisenhower: 1952, 1956
    * Richard Nixon: 1968, 1972
    * Ronald Reagan: 1980, 1984
    * Bill Clinton: 1992, 1996
Presidents elected to one term
    * John Adams: 1796
    * John Quincy Adams: 1824
    * Martin Van Buren: 1836
    * William Henry Harrison: 1840
    * James Polk, 1844
    * Zachary Taylor, 1848
    * Franklin Pierce, 1852
    * James Buchanan, 1856
    * Rutherford Hayes, 1876
    * James Garfield, 1880
    * Benjamin Harrison, 1888
    * Theodore Roosevelt, 1904
    * William Taft, 1908
    * Warren Harding, 1920
    * Calvin Coolidge, 1924
    * Herbert Hoover, 1928
    * Harry Truman, 1948
    * John Kennedy, 1960
    * Lyndon Johnson, 1964
    * Jimmy Carter, 1976
    * George Bush, 1988
Presidents elected to four terms    * Franklin Roosevelt: 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944
Presidents elected (or selected) on their first run for office (does not include primary bids)
    * George Washington: 1789
    * John Adams: 1796
    * James Madison: 1808
    * James Monroe: 1816
    * John Quincy Adams: 1824
    * Martin Van Buren: 1836
    * James Polk: 1844
    * Zachary Taylor: 1848
    * Franklin Pierce: 1852
    * James Buchanan: 1856
    * Abraham Lincoln: 1860
    * Ulysses Grant: 1868
    * Rutherford Hayes: 1876
    * James Garfield: 1880
    * Grover Cleveland: 1884
    * Benjamin Harrison: 1888
    * William McKinley: 1896
    * Theodore Roosevelt: 1904
    * William Taft: 1908
    * Woodrow Wilson: 1912
    * Warren Harding: 1920
    * Calvin Coolidge: 1924
    * Herbert Hoover: 1928
    * Franklin Roosevelt: 1932
    * Harry Truman: 1948
    * Dwight Eisenhower: 1952
    * John Kennedy: 1960
    * Lyndon Johnson: 1964
    * Jimmy Carter: 1976
    * Ronald Reagan: 1980
    * George Bush, 1988
    * Bill Clinton: 1992
    * George W. Bush: 2000
Presidents elected on their second run for office (does not include primary bids)
    * Thomas Jefferson: defeated in 1796 by John Adams
    * Andrew Jackson: John Quincy Adams was selected over Jackson in 1824.
    * William Henry Harrison: defeated in 1836 by Martin van Buren.
    * Richard Nixon: defeated in 1960 by John F. Kennedy.
Presidents who defeated each other
    * John Quincy Adams: was selected over Andrew Jackson in 1824.
    * Andrew Jackson: defeated John Quincy Adams in 1828.
    * Martin Van Buren: defeated William Henry Harrison in 1836.
    * William Henry Harrison: defeated Martin van Buren in 1840.
    * Benjamin Harrison: defeated Grover Cleveland in 1888.
    * Grover Cleveland: defeated Benjamin Harrison in 1892.
Presidents who served non-consecutive terms       * Grover Cleveland
Presidents who received 100% of the electoral college votes       * George Washington
Ex-Presidents who tried unsuccessfully to regain the presidency
    * Martin Van Buren was defeated in the primary in 1844 by James Polk.
    * Millard Fillmore was defeated in 1856 by James Buchanan.
    * Ulysses Grant was defeated in 1880 in the primary by James Garfield.
    * Theodore Roosevelt was defeated in 1912 by Woodrow Wilson.
Presidential deaths and misfortunes
     Presidents killed by the incompetence of their doctors
    * George Washington - bled to death by his doctors as treatment for "inflammatory quinsy"
    * James Garfield - whose doctors contaminated his bullet wound so that he died of infection.
    Assassinated presidents
    * Abraham Lincoln - assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
    * James Garfield - assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau
    * William McKinley - assassinated by Leon F. Czolgosz
    * John Kennedy - assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald
    Presidents who suffered attempted assassinations
    * Andrew Jackson - would-be assassin: Richard Lawrence (both derringers misfired)
    * Harry Truman - Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola attempted to storm Blair House, residence of Truman
    * Gerald Ford - would be assassins: Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme and Sara Jane Moore, in two separate incidences
    * Ronald Reagan - shot and wounded by John W. Hinkley, Jr
    Presidents who died in office of natural causes
    * William Henry Harrison - died of "bilious pleurisy"
    * Zachary Taylor - died of cholera morbus
    * Warren Harding - died of pneumonia or stroke
    * Franklin Roosevelt - died of cerebral hemorrhage
    Impeached presidents
    * Andrew Johnson
    * Bill Clinton
    Presidents who resigned       * Richard Nixon

Presidential Families
Presidents related to earlier presidents
    * James Madison: half first cousin twice removed of George Washington
    * John Quincy Adams: son of John Adams
    * Zachary Taylor: second cousin of James Madison
    * Grover Cleveland: sixth cousin once removed of Ulysses Grant
    * Benjamin Harrison: grandson of William Henry Harrison
    * Theodore Roosevelt: third cousin twice removed of Martin Van Buren
    * Franklin Roosevelt: fourth cousin once removed of Ulysses Grant, fourth cousin three times removed of Zachary Taylor, fifth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt
    * Harry Truman: great-great-great nephew of John Tyler
    * Richard Nixon: seventh cousin twice removed of William Taft, eighth cousin once removed of Herbert Hoover
    * George Bush: fifth cousin four times removed of Franklin Pierce, seventh cousin three times removed of Theodore Roosevelt, seventh cousin four times removed of Abraham Lincoln, eleventh cousin once removed of Gerald Ford
    * George W. Bush: son of George Bush
African-American Presidents  (hmm)
Note: Several presidents were allegedly of mixed European and African ancestry, which by U.S. reckoning would designate them as African-American. See The Five Negro Presidents by J.A. Rogers and Six Black Presidents: Black Blood, White Masks by Auset Bakhufu.       * Thomas Jefferson     * Andrew Jackson     * Abraham Lincoln      * Warren Harding    * Dwight Eisenhower

Presidents who married while president      * James Tyler      * Grover Cleveland      * Woodrow Wilson
Bachelor presidents       * James Buchanan
Presidents with adopted children       * George Washington      * Andrew Jackson     * Ronald Reagan   +John McCain
Presidents who had children out of wedlock       * Thomas Jefferson     * Grover Cleveland     * Warren Harding
Childless presidents      * James Madison     * James Polk     * James Buchanan
Divorced presidents       * Ronald Reagan
Presidential Party Affiliation
     Federalist presidents
    * George Washington
    * John Adams
    Democratic (or earlier, Democratic-Republican) presidents
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * James Madison
    * James Monroe
    * Andrew Jackson
    * Martin Van Buren
    * James Polk
    * Franklin Pierce
    * James Buchanan
    * Andrew Johnson
    * Grover Cleveland
    * Woodrow Wilson
    * Franklin Roosevelt
    * Harry Truman
    * John Kennedy
    * Lyndon Johnson
    * Jimmy Carter
    * Bill Clinton
     Whig presidents
    * William Henry Harrison
    * John Tyler
    * Zachary Taylor
    * Millard Fillmore
     Republican presidents
    * Abraham Lincoln
    * Ulysses Grant
    * Rutherford Hayes
    * James Garfield
    * Chester Arthur
    * Benjamin Harrison
    * William McKinley
    * Theodore Roosevelt
    * William Taft
    * Warren Harding
    * Calvin Coolidge
    * Herbert Hoover
    * Dwight Eisenhower
    * Richard Nixon
    * Gerald Ford
    * Ronald Reagan
    * George Bush
    * George W. Bush
    * John McCain
     Presidents belonging to no party
    * John Quincy Adams
Presidents who changed party affiliation after their presidency
    * Millard Fillmore (Whig) became a candidate for the American or Know-Nothing Party.
    * Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) founded the Progressive or Bull Moose Party.
Vice-Presidents
Presidents whose VP belonged to a different party
    * John Adams (Federalist): Democratic Republican Thomas Jefferson was his VP.
    * Abraham Lincoln (Republican): Democrat Andrew Johnson served as his second VP.
Presidents at least temporarily without vice-presidents
    * John Tyler - He had been William Henry Harrison's VP, and the position was not filled when Tyler assumed the presidency.
    * Millard Fillmore - He had been Zachary Taylor's VP, and the position was not filled when Fillmore assumed the presidency.
    * Franklin Pierce - William Rufus DeVane King was elected VP, but died before assuming office, and was not replaced.
    * Andrew Johnson - He had been Abraham Lincoln's VP, and the position was not filled when Johnson assumed the presidency.
    * Ulysses Grant - His second-term VP, Henry Wilson, died in office and was not replaced, leaving Grant without a VP for more than a year.
    * Chester Arthur - He had been James Garfield's VP, and the position was not filled when Arthur assumed the presidency.
    * Grover Cleveland - His first-term VP, Thomas Hendricks, was not replaced after dying nine months into his term.
    * William McKinkey - His first VP, Garret Hobart, died in office in 1899, and was not replaced until March 1900 by Theodore Roosevelt.
    * William Taft - His VP, James Sherman, died shortly before the end of Taft's term and was not replaced.
    * Calvin Coolidge - He had been Warren Harding's VP, and the position was not filled until Coolidge was elected for his own term in 1924.
    * Harry Truman - He had been Franklin Roosevelt's last VP, and the position was not filled until Truman was elected for his own term in 1948.
    * Lyndon Johnson - He had been John Kennedy's VP, and the position was not filled until Johnson was elected for his own term in 1964.
Presidents defeated for reelection by their own vice-president
    * John Adams was defeated by his VP, Thomas Jefferson.
Vice-Presidents who tried for, but never achieved, the presidency
    * George Clinton - Thomas Jefferson's VP, failed to defeat James Madison in the primary.
    * Richard Johnson - Martin Van Buren's VP, failed to defeat James Polk in the primary.
    * John Breckenridge - James Buchanan's VP, ran as a National Democrat and failed to defeat Abraham Lincoln .
    * Henry Wallace - Franklin Roosevelt's VP, ran as a Progressive and failed to defeat Harry Truman.
    * Hubert Humphrey - Lyndon Johnson's VP, failed to defeat Richard Nixon.
    * Walter Mondale - Jimmy Carter's VP, failed to defeat Ronald Reagan.
    * Al Gore - Bill Clinton's VP, lost the presidency to George W. Bush.
Vice-Presidents who later joined the Confederacy       * John Breckenridge - James Buchanan's VP.
Vice-Presidents who changed party affiliation after their terms as VP
    * John Calhoun - Andrew Jackson's VP, was a Democrat and became a Whig.
    * John Breckenridge - James Buchanan's VP, was a Democrat and became a National Democrat.
    * Henry Wallace - Franklin Roosevelt's VP, was a Democrat and became a Progessive.
Vice-Presidents who resigned as VP
    * John  Calhoun - Andrew Jackson's VP, resigned in 1832 to accept election to the Senate.
    * Spiro Agnew - Richard Nixon's VP, resigned in 1973 to avoid criminal prosecution.
Miscellaneous Presidential Lists
Presidents who killed people outside of war (or who were accused thereof)
    * George Washington - accused of murdering a French ambassador during peacetime.
    * Andrew Jackson - killed a man in a duel
Presidents who had extramarital affairs
    * Thomas Jefferson    * James Garfield    * Warren Harding    * Franklin Roosevelt    * John Kennedy    * Lyndon Johnson    * Bill Clinton    *Ronald with someone, but he could not remember who when asked.

Presidents with an alcohol problem      * Franklin Pierce     * Ulysses Grant     * George W. Bush
Presidents who owned slaves
    * George Washington
    * Thomas Jefferson
    * James Madison
    * Andrew Jackson
    * James Polk
    * Zachary Taylor
Presidents with facial hair
    * Martin Van Buren - large mutton-chops
    * Abraham Lincoln - beard
    * Ulysses Grant - beard and mustache
    * Rutherford Hayes - beard and mustache
    * James Garfield - beard and mustache
    * Chester Arthur - mustache and sideburns
    * Grover Cleveland - mustache
    * Benjamin Harrison - beard and mustache
    * Theodore Roosevelt - mustache
    * William Taft - mustache
Presidents who joined the Confederacy      * John Tyler
President who slept the most      * Calvin Coolidge - slept 10 hours a day. and/or George "W" Bush


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http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312172/vicepresidents.html

Vice-Presidents of the United States


John
Adams

Thomas
Jefferson

Aaron
Burr

George
Clinton

Elbridge
Gerry

Daniel
Tompkins

John C.
Calhoun

Martin
Van Buren

Richard M.
Johnson

John
Tyler

George
Dallas

Millard
Fillmore

William
King

John C.
Breckinridge

Hannibal
Hamlin

Andrew
Johnson

Schuyler
Colfax

Henry
Wilson

William
Wheeler

Chester
Arthur

Thomas
Hendricks

Levi P.
Morton

Adlai
Stevenson

Garret A.
Hobart

Theodore
Roosevelt

Charles W.
Fairbanks

James
Sherman

Thomas
Marshall

Calvin
Coolidge

Charles
Dawes

Charles
Curtis

John
Garner

Henry
Wallace

Harry
Truman

Alben W.
Barkley

Richard
Nixon

Lyndon
Johnson

Hubert H.
Humphrey

Spiro T.
Agnew

Gerald
Ford

Nelson
Rockefeller

Walter
Mondale

George H. W.
Bush

J. Danforth
Quayle

Albert
Gore

Richard B.
Cheney

http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312172/firstladies.html

First Ladies of the United States


Martha
Washington

Abigail
Adams

Martha
Jefferson

Dolley
Madison

Elizabeth
Monroe

Louise
Adams

Rachel
Jackson

Hannah
Van Buren

Anna
Harrison

Letitia
Tyler

Julia
Tyler

Sarah
Polk

Margaret
Taylor

Abigail
Fillmore

Jane
Pierce

Mary Todd
Lincoln

Eliza
Johnson

Julia
Grant

Lucy
Hayes

Lucretia
Garfield

Ellen
Arthur

Frances
Cleveland

Caroline
Harrison

Frances
Cleveland

Ida
McKinley

Edith
Roosevelt

Helen
Taft

Ellen
Wilson

Edith
Wilson

Florence
Harding

Grace
Coolidge

Lou
Hoover

Eleanor
Roosevelt

Bess
Truman

Mamie
Eisenhower

Jacqueline
Kennedy

Lady Bird
Johnson

Pat
Nixon

Betty
Ford

Rosalynn
Carter

Nancy
Reagan

Barbara
Bush

Hillary
Clinton

Laura
Bush


All Portraits Courtesy of the Library of Congress.